论文导言的具体写法-国际商业及管理学论文写作指导

论文导言的具体写法-国际商业及管理学论文写作指导

来源:www.liuxuelunwen.org作者:lijiqiang发布时间:2013-01-28 22:00
本文是欧洲港商学院国际商业及管理学(IBMS)优秀论文,内容主要介绍了论文导言的具体写法,其中包含了论文的文献综述,研究方法研究结果,结论和建议,参考文献,尾注和参考书目以及

Chapter 2: Literature review
第2章:文献综述
As stated above that the fishbone will be the instrumental for your entire thesis it also determines the choice of your literature. You are permitted ONLY to use academic sources such as journals, books and reputable online sources like Harvard Business review.
如上所述,鱼骨图会成为为您整个论文的辅助工具,它也决定了你的文学选择。只允许你使用学术资源如期刊,图书和有信誉的网上来源,如哈佛商业论坛。
Review of the literature is a summation of pertinent literature directly related to your study. It provides a background for the important variables or concepts in your study and describes the similarity and difference between your work and that of other authors and researchers in the field. This review of the literature is traditionally your second chapter, but there may be reasons to include it later in the dissertation.
For example:
Introductory paragraph (not numbered)
2.1 Theory / concept 1
Description (Theory)
Motivation (Why this concept)?
2.2 Theory / concept 2
Description (Theory)
Motivation (Why this concept)?
2.3 Theory / concept 3
Description (Theory)
Motivation (Why this concept)?
Introduction next chapter

Chapter 3: Methodology
第3章:研究方法
The methodology section describes in detail how the study was conducted. This chapter usually consists of the following sections: kind of research, sample and/or population, instrumentation, data collection procedures, data analysis, and limitations of the study. More information on methodology can be found in appendix A.
Introductory paragraph (not numbered)
论文研究方法部分详细介绍了论文研究是如何进行的。本章通常包含以下几个部分:论文研究种类,样品和/或人口,仪器仪表,数据采集程序,数据分析,研究的局限性。欲了解研究方法的更多信息,可参考附录A。
3.1 Relevance tree (derived from the fishbone)
3.2 theory on research methodologies used
3.3 Research strategy
3.4 Research material
3.5 Research planning
3.6 Table of research steps (Your research)
3.7 Motivation methodologies used (Your research)
3.7 Chapter’s summary

Chapter 4 [In this chapter you use the theoretical foundations as presented in chapter 2 as a tool to help you analyze/clarify the findings derived from your interview and surveys.]: Research findings
第4章[在本章中,您需要使用第2章介绍的理论基础,作为一种工具来帮助您分析/澄清你的观点和调查得出的结果。]:研究结果
This section summarizes the data collected and details the statistical treatment of that data, if any Tables, figures, and/or illustrations are used to report data clearly and economically. Findings are usually summarized at the end of the chapter. A qualitative study usually consists of narrative descriptions embodied in themes and patterns generated from the data. At all time your findings should provide insight on external analysis, internal analysis, and strategic options and choice. You are advised to use tools such as SWOT and confrontation matrix but it is not mandatory. For detailed information please see appendix B.
本节总结了收集到的数据和详细信息,数据的统计处理,如用于任何表格,数字,或使用插图清除高效地来报道经济数据。在本章结尾部分归纳出结果。定性研究通常是由体现在主题和模式的数据生成的叙述性描述。一直以来你的发现总是应该提供外部分析的观点,内部分析的见解,战略选择和抉择。建议您使用如SWOT和对抗矩阵等类似工具,但它不是强制性的。有关详细信息,请参阅附录B.
Introductory paragraph (not numbered)
引言段(未编号)
4.1 Research question 1
Answer to RQ 1
4.2 Research question 2
Answer to RQ 2
4.3 Chapter’s summary
4.1研究的问题1
答案RQ 1
4.2研究问题2。
答案RQ2
4.3本章总结

Chapter 5: Conclusion and recommendations
第5章:结论和建议
This section describes what the findings mean and what conclusions you drew from the research questions that guided your study. It details how your findings compare with those in the literature and with your conceptual framework. Included in this chapter are practical implications for professional practice as well as recommendations for further research.
本节介绍的内容是你的论文研究结果意味着什么,你从指导你论文研究的问题得出的什么结论。它详细介绍了如何将您的调查结果和那些文学结构和概念框架进行比较。本章包括为进一步研究提供的专业实践和具体建议。
Your recommendations should be future oriented and must be linked to themes as presented in the fishbone. In other words, you must be able to offer your thesis company a plan of action on how to implement your recommendations with a timeline, while taking the thesis company’s ‘unique’ context into consideration. Your thesis company must be able to implement your findings even when you are no longer linked to their organization. A thesis lacking such a plan will not be accepted for defence.
Introductory paragraph (not numbered)
5.1 Conclusion (all answers of research questions revealed together plus choice). The conclusions are based on the current situation within the company.
5.2 Recommendations (classified and specific).

References, Endnotes, or Bibliographies
参考文献,尾注和参考书目
A reference section at the end of the dissertation should list all works cited in the dissertation. A bibliography includes related material that you reviewed and studied but did not cite directly in the text. This helps the reader determine the scope of the research behind your dissertation. However, it should not include every article or book you read. There are distinct formats for citing references, including endnotes that you may use depending on your school’s preference. Once http://www.liuxuelunwen.org/azlxlw/ a format is selected, be consistent and follow it throughout the dissertation.

在所写论文的末尾部分列举出论文中引用的所有作品。参考书目包括你的评论和研究,但在文中没有直接引用的相关材料。这有助于读者判断你论文背后的研究范围。
Appendixes
附录
Materials that document important components of the dissertation that would be too lengthy, awkward, or distracting to include within the text should be included as appendixes. These materials might be raw data, letters of introduction to participants, long or complex tables, and questionnaires. Such detail is useful to anyone trying to replicate your study in the future. Place items in the appendixes in the order they appear in the text. When more than one appendix is used, each must be designated by a letter (Appendix A, Appendix B) as well as by a title.
该论文的重要组成部分过于冗长,笨拙,易分散注意力,该部分内容包括在文本和附录材料中。这些材料可能是原始资料,主要介绍论文撰写参与者,或长或复杂的表格和问卷调查等。这些细节对于别人试图参考你未来的研究时这些材料是非常有用的。附录中的地点按顺序列举在文本中。当当使用一个以上的附件时,每个附录都有一个字母代表(附录A,附录B),以及一个标题。




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