荷兰优秀经济论文写作指导-关于二手资料和定性定量研究的使用问题

荷兰优秀经济论文写作指导-关于二手资料和定性定量研究的使用问题

来源:www.liuxuelunwen.org作者:lijiqiang发布时间:2013-02-12 16:35
本文是欧洲港商学院国际商业及管理学(IBMS)优秀论文,内容主要介绍了在经济thesis中针对学生的疑问分析了二手资料和定性研究以及定量研究的相互关系,并阐明了他们对论文结构的影响等

Secondary sources and qualitative research
二手资料和定性研究

A question often asked by students is whether they can do a dissertation that totally relies on secondary sources, and, of course, you can - involving both qualitative and quantitative research.
学生经常问的一个问题是,他们是否可以完全依赖二手资料来源写作论文,当然,你可以 - 包括定性和定量的研究。
Dissertation structure
论文结构
One important consequence of choosing this sort of theoretical and textual topic is that the content and structure of your dissertation will be quite different from an empirical study using primary data that you have collected yourself. In a theoretical and textual study the structure will be determined by the content. It will simply depend upon what your analysis of the material throws up.
选择这种理论和文本的主题的一个重要后果是,你的论文的内容和结构与你使用收集到的一手资料做出的评价将会有非常大的不同。在理论和实证研究上,结构将由内容来决定。它仅仅取决于你对材料的分析。
In contrast, the structure of a dissertation on an empirical study, in which you have collected original data from, say, interviews, questionnaires and observations, will be determined by the need for you to report on these practical elements of your research. Among other things, you will need to have chapters on your research design, on the presentation of your findings, and on your discussion of these with any recommendations you feel able to make. All of these things and terms like 'methodology' are a foreign language to those subjects in which dissertations are largely theoretical and textual.

Secondary sources and quantitative research
二手资料和定量研究
As for quantitative research, the fieldwork required by primary sources can give the average undergraduate dissertation real problems. Not only can it be very time-consuming, but it can involve financial costs too. So you may prefer to undertake research that involves secondary sources instead.
This has the added advantage that you can work with much larger datasets than you can possibly collect yourself. If the data has been collected on a random basis you can generalize to the population you are studying. Moreover, given the size of these datasets it means you can confidently discuss trends and social changes. They may even allow you to make comparisons over time, if the dataset is the product of a longitudinal study, as some are.
至于定量研究,实地考察所需的主要来源可以反应出毕业论文的实际问题。它不仅是非常耗时的,同时它涉及到的财务成本过高。所以,你可能更愿意利用二手资料进行研究。
这有额外的好处,您可以使用比你自己收集到的更大的数据集。如果数据已经收集了关于以随机抽样方式,你可以推广到正在研究的人数多少。此外,考虑到这些数据集的大小,这意味着您可以放心地讨论相应的趋势和社会变化。如果数据集是产品的纵向研究,他们甚至可能让你随着时间的推移进行系统的比较。
There are a number of different datasets, all useful for different purposes. Every country has its official censuses, usually undertaken every ten years. Most countries have annual reports on the latest crime figures, with comparisons for previous years, sometimes broken down into different areas, towns and cities. In Britain there is the British Crime Survey and the multi-purposes General Household Survey carried out continuously since 1971, except for a break in 1997-8.

Nevertheless, there are disadvantages to relying on such secondary sources. The most serious is that the data http://www.liuxuelunwen.org/dxthesis/ may have been collected for a different purpose from yours. It may not meet your needs exactly. So you will have to use it carefully and find out before you use it about the purpose for collecting the data so that you can justify your use of it.

Although secondary sources can save you a lot of time collecting your own data, you can't always be sure the data will meet your needs exactly. At least with primary sources you design the questions so that you get answers precisely tailored to the needs of your research. In the following chapters, we will look at the practicalities of doing qualitative and quantitative research to gather and analyse material from primary sources, and the simple things we can do to make our research effective.




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