如何获取论文资料的主要来源定量研究--加拿大thesis代写

如何获取论文资料的主要来源定量研究--加拿大thesis代写

来源:www.liuxuelunwen.org作者:lijiqiang发布时间:2013-02-12 16:33
本文是欧洲港商学院国际商业及管理学(IBMS)优秀论文,内容主要介绍了经济论文中论文资源的来源即定量研究的具体使用问题,以测试、问卷调查的形式解决好需要处理好的几个相关的问题

Discuss your choice
讨论你的选择
Whatever your choice you will earn good marks if, in your dissertation, you can show that you've made a well-informed judgement after weighing up all the factors. Discuss your decision and don't hide its weaknesses. Let the examiners know that you have considered all the alternative methods and, although you acknowledge that there are weaknesses to your choice, you've got the best sample possible. Outline all the factors you took into account and then describe how you carried out the sampling. Discuss your choice even if eventually you opt, say, for a project based on case studies
如果在你的论文中,你能在权衡所有因素之后做出一个消息灵通的判断,你将获得不错的成绩。讨论你的决定,丝毫不掩饰其弱点。让考官知道你已经考虑了所有可供选择的方法,虽然你承认,你的选择也有弱点,但你已经得到了最好的可能样本。你要考虑到大纲的所有因素,然后描述如何进行采样。即使你最终作出选择,比方说,一个建立在案例研究的项目,也应认真讨论你的选择。
Tests
测试
Once you have your sample you've got to decide what you're going to do with it. You can either test your potential respondents in various ways or ask them questions, usually through questionnaires and interviews. Tests can give you a very useful and reliable source of quantitative data.
一旦你拥有了自己的样品,你必须决定如何处理你已经拥有你的这些样品,你可以以不同的方式测试你的潜在的受访者,或者通常是通过问卷调查和访谈的形式来询问他们问题。测试给了你一个非常有用的和可靠的量化数据。
It is important to realize that we have to deal convincingly with three related problems when we design and use tests:
1.We have to be clear about what we're testing;
2.That our tests do actually test that and nothing else that we may have overlooked;
3.And that we evaluate each result according to the same criteria.
重要的是要认识到,当我们设计和利用测试时,我们必须很有说服力地处理好三个相关的问题:
1.我们必须清楚我们正在测试什么;
2.我们的测试确实已经测试完整,没有可能忽略的测试;
3.同时,我们要根据相同的标准来对每个结果进行评估。
Alternatively, if you don't want to design and use your own test, there are professional tests you might use, like personality inventories in psychology. These have been developed, piloted and modified after extensive use over many years, so they have been refined to a level we would be hard pressed to match.

Questionnaires
问卷调查
A key problem that runs throughout our research is how to find sufficient depth and richness of ideas and responses counterbalanced with a good spread of responses over large enough representative samples. In some projects it's simply not possible to get both, at least not in the time available, so we have to settle for one or the other. Nevertheless, wherever possible your results will be so much more convincing if you can balance depth with a good spread of numerical results.

Probably the most effective way of achieving this is to use questionnaires to get a general picture of a situation from a sufficiently large, representative sample and then to support and illustrate this with the richness of ideas and opinions that come from in-depth interviews, observations or case studies.

Advantages
优点
A well written questionnaire used on sufficiently large numbers with the results thoughtfully analysed can be an ideal way of getting a clear overall picture of a situation. In most cases it's relatively cheap in terms of time and cost and it's possible to cover a large number of potential respondents. Indeed you're not even limited to a geographical area, if you distribute them through the post.

What's more, as it's impersonal it's a reliable, objective source of data. The questions are the same for all respondents and they don't change in response to the replies given as they often do in interviews. The questioner is also remote, so respondents are under no pressure one way or another. They can work at their own pace and consider their responses for as long as they like. It also means that if the answers are anonymous, it's possible to cover even the most sensitive question.

Disadvantages
缺点
Nonetheless, questionnaires have their limitations. The most obvious is that it's difficult to achieve a high rate of response without spending a lot of time chasing them up. If you collect them yourself, you could achieve a response rate as high as 70 per cent, but if you rely on them being returned through the post it can be as low as 10 per cent.

They also tend to favour the more literate respondents, which may introduce bias into the results, particularly http://www.liuxuelunwen.org/dxthesis/ if not all of the sample responds. But perhaps the most serious limitation is that simple questions limit the depth of response. Some issues need probing with follow-up questions.
Despite their disadvantages, questionnaires remain the simplest way of covering a sufficiently large and representative sample. In the next chapter we will look at how you design and distribute your own questionnaire.




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