留学作业参考:法律专业thesis范文

留学作业参考:法律专业thesis范文

来源:ww.liuxuelunwen.org作者:cinq发布时间:2013-08-12 10:26
为了促进和保障减排目标的实施,“气候变化法案明确规定,英国政府必须建立一个新的,独立的法定机构气候变化委员会,应提供独立专家的建议和指导。

为了促进和保障减排目标的实施,“气候变化法案明确规定,英国政府必须建立一个新的,独立的法定机构气候变化委员会,应提供独立专家的建议和指导,对控制和减少碳排放的问题,因为英国政府气候变化适应和其他事项。气候变化委员会的规则是比尔的一大特点,也是一个重要的元素。法律地位,功能和气候变化委员会组成中所提供的细节,这将为英国实现温室气体减排目标的一个强有力的制度支持。


Regulatory of Climate Change Committee 


A part of the contents in "Climate Change Act" is the establishment of the Committee on Climate Change and its responsibilities provisions. In order to facilitate and safeguard the implementation of emission reduction targets, "Climate Change Act " clearly provides that the British Government must set up a new, independent statutory body - Climate Change Committee, which should provide independent expert advice and guidance on the problems of controlling and reducing carbon emissions, climate change adaptation and other matters for the British Government. Climate Change Commission rules is a major feature of the bill, it is also an important element. The legal status, functions and composition of the Committee on Climate Change are provided in detail, which will provide a strong institutional support for the UK to implement the targets of greenhouse gas emission reduction.
The main duty of the Climate Change Committee is to give suggestions to develop new energy sources and to increase the use of renewable energy sources, assisting and facilitating the Government to implement energy saving policies; provide recommendations for the formulation and magnitude of carbon emissions budget, providing advice for the realization of carbon emissions budget’s policy measures; provide recommendations for the proportional distribution between domestic reduction index and emissions trading indicators that obtained through the project or trading system; provide advices for the carbon emissions of international aviation and international maritime industry; supervise the British government’s implementation status of the carbon budgets, inspecting the annual emission reductions,  presenting an open and transparent annual progress report to the Parliament according to the government's achievements in energy conservation and the existed problems. In order to evaluate the costs, benefits, risks of climate change mitigation measures objectively and impartially, members of the Committee on Climate Change primarily come from economic analysis and forecasting, business competitiveness, financial investment, technology research and promotion, energy production and supply, climate science, emissions trading, social development and other fields.

The "Climate Change Act" addressing climate change is not only concerned about controlling the total amount of carbon emission, developing a legally binding emission reduction targets, but also pay attention to the realization of emission reduction goals. The act explicitly planned the economically viable and cost-effective emission reduction path rule; it also define the responsibilities, rights and interests of all parties, in order to mobilize the governments, industries and enterprises to actively participate in. In order to facilitate the implementation of emission reduction targets, the act is made detailed provisions from institution building, institutional arrangements, market incentives and other aspects of national policy guidance. Responsibilities of the government, for example, "Climate Change Act http://www.liuxuelunwen.org/dxthesis/ " provided in detail that the British government has responsibilities in addressing climate change, the government should commit a clear routine responsibilities in controlling and reducing carbon emissions to the Parliament. It should not only develop carbon emissions budget planning, but also report to the Parliament on the carbon emissions of the specific implementation of the budget, accepting the monitoring and questioning of the Parliament. The act also authorized the Government to carry out secondary legislation, using market forces to encourage enterprises to reduce emissions and strengthen Britain's ability to adapt to climate change impacts.
 



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