美国留学生课程论文参考范例

美国留学生课程论文参考范例

来源:www.liuxuelunwen.org作者:cinq发布时间:2015-11-14 16:08
本文美国留学生课程论文参考范例,主要内容是讨论美国南北战争之后,中西部养牛业迅速发展的过程和原因。
美国留学生课程论文参考范例
 
美国南北战争后,在中西部大草原上的养牛业开始发展起来。养牛业迅速发展并不是偶然的。首先,美国西部没有毁于内战。然后,大量的美国人进入了当时的城市,增加了对牛肉的需求。最后,它得益于独特的自然条件。在美国西部,这里不仅气候宜人,而且德克萨斯海福特牛质量好。有了神奇丰满的小草,即使在冬天,这片草仍然是天然的甜味和营养。具备了各种有利条件,以惊人的速度发展了养牛业。
 
Discuss the growth and transformation of the cattle industry from the 1860s through the 1890s. What did Indian removal have to do with the expansion of the industry? How did the advancing railroad contribute to the changes? Make sure that you provide evidence to support your thesis.
 
After the American Civil War, the cattle industry rose up in the Midwest prairie. It was no accident that the cattle industry developed rapidly. First of all, the American West was less destroyed by the civil war (William, An Album of the American Cowboy, 46-49). Then, a large number of Americans entered the cities at that time, and then increasing the demand for beef. Finally, it was benefited from the unique natural conditions. In the American West, there is not only a pleasant climate, but also good quality Texas Hereford cattle. There has been the magical plump grass, which is known as the "golden on the ground, even in winter, this grass remains natural sweetness and nutrition. Various favorable conditions were prepared, the cattle industry was developed at an alarming rate. In the late 1800s, there were 50 million head of cattle in Texas and Texas was the state with the largest number of cattle in US. Finally, during this period, there have been many large ranches, there was a large demand for cowboys, a lot of people started to be involved in the cattle industry, there was a substantial increase in the number of cowboys, which also played a catalytic role for the development of the cattle industry (William, An Album of the American Cowboy, 46-49).
At the time when the cattle industry developed rapidly, the local Indians were defeated by the US Army and they were restricted to live in reservation. Due to the rapid development of the cattle industry, a lot of pasture was grazed, the natural environment had been destroyed, the massacre of a large number of bison made Indians in reservation difficult to eat beef. In addition, natural conditions of the reserved areas were usually poor, the Indians were unable to support themselves through farming, to 1870, the US Army brought 60000-70000 cattle per year to give the Indians and the military for consumption (Travers, The Great Chihuahua Cattle Drive of 1868, 85-105.).
The eastern beef prices at the time in United States were much higher than the prices in the west and in the south, the huge economic benefits attracted a lot of people to deal with cattle trade, but there was a big question: how to quickly transport cattle from the west to the eastern cities. The Trans-Continental Railroad amended in 1968 solved this problem. While the rail transport also helped the cattle industry to actively explore other markets, such as by The Goodnight-Loving Trail to send cattle to New Mexico Indian reservation in southwest in the United States (Skaggs, The Cattle-trailing Industry: Between Supply and Demand, 1866-1890, 10-11). With the construction of the railway, the demand for cowboys in the cattle industry decreased, the status of cowboys was gradually reduced. They had to switch to do other work, there was a significant decline in the number of cowboys in the cattle industry (William, An Album of the American Cowboy, 46-49).
 
References 参考文献
Skaggs, J. M. (1973). The Cattle-trailing Industry: Between Supply and Demand,1866-1890. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 10-11.
Travers, D. N. (2001). The Great Chihuahua Cattle Drive of 1868. Journal of Big Bend Studies 13, 85-105.
William, M. J. (1971). An Album of the American Cowboy. New York: Franklin Watts, Inc., 46-49.



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